Small Finance Bank in India

                            Small Finance Bank


Small Finance Bank is a Private bank which accepts deposits and can provide Loan. This is registered as a Public Limited company under the Companies Act 2013. The Minimum capital of Rs. 200 crore is required to open a Small Finance Bank. Small Finance Bank have to provide 75% of the credit to the priority sector . It means that If the Bank provides Total Loan of  Rs. 10 crores then the Small Finance Bank must give Rs. 7.50 crores to the Priority Sector (Agriculture, Education, Social Infrastructure, Housing, Export credit, Micro, Small & Medium Enterprises, Renewable Energy, Other are called Priority Sector). There is one committee which is related to Small Finance Bank is “Usha Thorat Committee”. Any Individuals or Professionals can open Small Finance Bank who have at least 10 years of experience in the Microfinance, Bank, NBFC, finance companies .


Why Small Finance Bank is Required?

As We know that We have many Banks (Government and Private Bank) in India. Then why we require Small Finance Bank ? There are lots of people who is working in the unorganized sector, small farmers , small business , low-income household  , they also require loan. So, Small Finance Bank helps in promoting banking activities like accepting deposits and can provide loan to the poor people so that they can enhance their personal and professional activities. In short, It provides Low amount of loan to their basic requirement. These banks are opened in Rural areas so that maximum number of people can involve in the financial services .

Small Finance Bank


Small Finance Bank in India

Right now, There are 11 Small Finance banks in India.

Small Finance Bank

 Date (They became SFB)

Head Quarters

Capital Small Finance Bank

24th April 2016

Jalandhar, Punjab

Equitas Small Finance Bank

05th Sept 2016

Chennai, Tamil Nādu

Suryoday Small Finance Bank

23rd Jan 2017

Navi Mumbai, Mumbai

Utkarsh Small Finance Bank

23rd Jan 2017

Varanasi, UP

Ujjivan Small Finance Bank

01st Feb 2017

Bengaluru, Karnataka

ESAF Small Finance Bank

17th March 2017

Thrissur, Kerela

AU Small Finance Bank

19th April 2017

Jaipur, Rajasthan

Fincare Small Finance Bank

21st July 2017

Bengaluru, Karnataka

Northeast Small Finance Bank

17th Oct 2017

Guwahati, Assam

Jana Small Finance Bank

29th March 2018

Bengaluru, Karnataka

Shivalik Small Finance Bank

26th April 2021

Noida, UP


Salient Features of Small Finance Bank

Some of the Salient Features of Small Finance Banks are as follows:

·     Small Finance Bank can accept any Deposits (Saving, Current, Fixed Deposit, Recurring deposits)  like any other Commercial Bank.

·    It can  provide loans to the unorganized , small enterprises , Low-income households etc.


 Conditions in setting up Small Finance Bank

Some of the Condition required  in Setting up Small Finance Bank           

·   This Bank do not provide loans to big businesses or industry.

·   Every Small Finance Bank must have the word “Small Finance Bank” in its name

·  This Bank cannot open their branches for performing Non-Banking Financial Activities.

·   Small Finance Bank can provide  financial activities like Pension Products, Mutual Funds, Insurance Products etc. only after the approval  taken from RBI.

·    A Small Finance Bank can transform into Bank only after approval from RBI.

·   Small Finance Bank must set up its 25% Branches on the Unbanked Rural areas (Where there is no bank)


RBI Guidelines for  Small Finance Bank

RBI has issued several Guidelines for Small Finance Bank to operate. Below are the guidelines:

·         Small Finance Bank must be enrolled as a Public Limited company under the Company’s Act 2013. This must be Authorized under Section 22 of the Banking Regulations Act 1949. It is also Regulated by the terms of  Reserve Bank of India 1934.

·         RBI has also Introduced the concept of On tap Licensing , It means that Any Body who is eligible for becoming Small Finance Bank can apply for License throughout the year.

·         The Minimum Capital or net worth must be Rs. 200 crores but  for Urban Co-operative Bank who is  converting into Small Finance Bank , their minimum capital should be Rs. 100 crore and they have to  increase their business up to Rs. 200 crores within 5 years of the establishment of the Small Finance Bank.

·         Small Finance Bank will be given the Status of Scheduled Bank Immediately it started its operation.

·         RBI have given the permission of opening Banking Outlets, Once the Small Finance Bank started its operation.

·         The Promotors or Founder of the Small Finance Bank must have minimum contribution of 40% capital up to 05 years which can be gradually decreased to 26% after 12 years.

·         The Small Finance Bank must maintain certain Cash Reserve Ratio (Minimum amount of Cash is to be deposited as reserved) and Statutory Liquid Ratio (Minimum percentage of deposit must be in the form of  Cash, Gold, Securities etc before offering Loan to the customers)

·         The Small Finance Bank must provide 75% of Loan to the Priority Sector.

·         Once the Small Finance Bank reaches the Market Value of Rs. 500 crores then it must have to enlist in the Stock Market within 3 years of the Market Capitalization.

·         Foreign Direct Investment   has been kept for Maximum of 74% for Small Finance Banks. It is modified from time to time.

·         The Small Finance Bank have to provide 50% of the Loan Amount up to  Rs. 25 Lac. It means If the Overall Loan Amount is Rs. 100 crores then Rs. 50 crores should be given to those lenders whose  Loan amount is Rs. 25 Lakhs or Less than Rs. 25 Lakhs.

T    The Small Finance Bank and distribute Loan Size of 10% to Single and 15% for Groups of Borrower. It means that If the Bank have to distribute loan of Rs. 50 Lacs today then , he will give Maximum Loan Amount of Rs. 5 Lac for Individual and Rs.7.50 Lac for Groups of Borrower

C      Conclusion

Small Finance Bank is opened for large population of the country who has low household income, Small and Medium Enterprises, Small Farmers, working in an Unorganized Sector so that they can also include themselves in the financial activity or they can be added in the banking sector. The major purpose is to provide them loan so that they can also solve their professional & personal purpose. 



Milan Tomic

Hi. I’m Designer of Blog Magic. I’m CEO/Founder of ThemeXpose. I’m Creative Art Director, Web Designer, UI/UX Designer, Interaction Designer, Industrial Designer, Web Developer, Business Enthusiast, StartUp Enthusiast, Speaker, Writer and Photographer. Inspired to make things looks better.

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